Humanisme numérique - communications-intervenants

Effet de l’agrégation des fils d’actualités sur le processus de développement au Nigéria

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Global figure of social media users run into billions. Equally, news consumption habits show that the social media is changing ways readers understand the concept of news and the processes of its production, particularly in less endowed regions like Nigeria (Digital News Survey, 2016). The social media aggregates news using Artificial Intelligence (AI) – a technological and scientific tool, which uses algorithms – a set of instructions – to replace professional journalists’ traditional news values and newsroom cultures to determine how news are aggregated and assigned prominence. In clear terms, what users of social media get in their Rich Site Summary (RSS) news feeds are a syndication from algorithms that selects and assigns prominence to issues and events based on “past consumption patterns and unique social circle”. What are the implications for journalistic news values like editorial independence, objectivity, truth, fairness, factual verification, monitoring power and offering voice to the voiceless and responsibility to conscience as well as newsroom cultures in diverse developing communities like Nigeria? How is this change occurring and how is it affecting news consumption habits and media economics of news outlets in Nigeria? What are the evolving economic models required to accommodate this digital reality? Accordingly, this paper examines the implications of the evolving digital reality on freedom of expression, development and humanity in the context of diverse developing regions like Nigeria.