Humanisme numérique - communications-intervenants

Liberté d’expression et médias à l’ère numérique : transition et réexamen

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Climate change, economic problems, conflicts and poverty with flows of refugees and migrants, terrorism, radicalization and extremism, nationalism and populism, are issues that concern almost all of us in these uncertain times. The issues raised by today’s global and multicultural societies are complex, and it is urgent for the research community to help improve our understanding of the current problems and crises that trouble societies today. The challenge is not only to explain the problems, but also to help find solutions and to communicate with those in power so that relevant research findings will make a difference. Media researchers are no exception.
Society changes, but certain democratic principles remain true. Among them is freedom to think, to speak, to listen and to write – to express oneself and to communicate with others – as proclaimed in Article 19 of the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. Freedom of expression is democracy’s praxis.
Digitization has changed our communication systems in terms of time, space and social behaviour; it has changed functions as well as management practices and the market by adding new types of transnational companies. These changes have transformed the public sphere; the context of freedom of expression has shifted. Globalization, geopolitics and new information technologies exert strong formative influences on freedom of expression in modern-day society, and power, hegemony, equality and justice are still concepts of decisive importance.
Given this circumstances, it is clear that today’s complex society requires competent, educated and critical citizens if democracy and freedom of expression are to be maintained. Good schools for everyone, girls and boys, is one vital prerequisite. Media and information literacy is a crucial aspect of freedom of expression and a core competence for engaged citizenship in a participatory democracy.
This speech aims to provide a discussion of the main challenges contemporary society poses to freedom of expression, media and the digital culture.